Mackinac Island

Mackinac Island, Michigan


Topographic map of Mackinac island
Cyclists on M-185 (Main Street) at mile marker 0 in downtown Mackinac Island
Location: Mackinac Island, Michigan
Governing body: State
NRHP Reference#: 66000397[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP: October 15, 1966
Designated NHLD: October 9, 1960[3]
Designated MSHS: July 19, 1956[2]

Mackinac Island (play /ˈmækɨnɔː/ mak-in-aw) is an island and resort area covering 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) in land area, part of the U.S. state ofMichigan. It is located in Lake Huron, at the eastern end of the Straits of Mackinac, between the state’s Upper and Lower Peninsulas.[4] The island was home to a Native American settlement before European exploration began in the 17th century. It served a strategic position amidst the commerce of the Great Lakes fur trade. This led to the establishment of Fort Mackinac on the island by the British during the American Revolutionary War. It was the scene of two battles during the War of 1812.[5]

In the late 19th century, Mackinac Island became a popular tourist attraction and summer colony. Much of the island has undergone extensive historical preservation and restoration; as a result, the entire island is listed as a National Historic Landmark. It is well known for its numerous cultural events; its wide variety of architectural styles, including the famous Victorian Grand Hotel; its fudge; and its ban on almost all motor vehicles. More than 80 percent of the island is preserved as Mackinac Island State Park.[6]

Geography
Location Lake Huron
Coordinates 45°51′40″N 84°37′50″WCoordinates45°51′40″N 84°37′50″W
Total islands Three
Major islands Mackinac, Bois BlancRound
Area 3.776 sq mi (9.78 km2)
Coastline 8 mi (13 km)
Highest elevation 890 ft (271 m)
Highest point Fort Holmes
Country
United States
State Michigan
Largest city Mackinac Island (pop. 492)
County Mackinac County
Demographics
Population 492 residents and as many as 15,000 tourists per day during peak season (as of 2010)
Density 50.31 /km2 (130.3 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups
Mackinac Island
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark District

 

 

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